Home > Pyraloidea > Crambidae > Spilomelinae Guenée, 1854 > ARTHROSHISTA Hampson

Arthroschista hilaralis Walker, [1859]; PED 12

  • Taxonomy

    The holotype of Margaronia hilaralis Walker, 1859: 532 from Sri Lanka is in the NHM.

    syn. Margarodes aquosalis Snellen, [1880] 1880-1892: 66. (LepIndex) The male type from Java (Soengai, Simawoeng), is in Leiden.

    TS of Arthroschista Hampson, 1893: 168.

  • Description

    Wing Length: 13mm - 16mm. A common and distinctive sp. The adults are a beautiful pale blue/green colour, with a brown-yellow line along the costa with two adjacent dark dots, these brown subcostal dots are characteristic of this species, Brown dots mark the veins on the margin of each wing. The males have large black hair pencils at the tip of their abdomens. There are small red marks on most abdominal tergites. The green wings are slightly blotchy, in contrast to the genus Parotis, which have uniformly coloured wings.

  • Distribution & Habitat

    Sri Lanka, India (Sikkim, Assam), Burma, W. Malaysia, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java), Sabah, Brunei, Sarawak, Kalimantan Barat, PNG, Louisiade Arch. (St. Aignan), Australia, China (Yunnan). Lowland to subalpine forests; <2,100m.

  • Life History & Pest Status

    This sp. was a common pyralid pollinator of the flowers of Neonauclea pallida (Rubiaceae) noted by Weber (2000a, b) in Thailand. A defoliator of Neolamarkia cadamba (laran) (Rubiaceae) (Thapa, 1970, Chey, 1996). Reported as a minor pest of cocoa (Conway, 1971) Given to occasionally appearing in large numbers - a rarity among forest Lepidoptera. The outbreaks of the moth are most common in secondary forest (Chey, 1996).

  • Similar spp.

    no content available.

  • Unrelated Look-alikes

    Parotis sp. 2
    Parotis sp. 3

  • References

    Chey, V.K. (1996) Forest Pest Insects in Sabah, Sabah Forest Record 15, 87-96.

    Conway, G.R. (1971) Pest [sic] of Cocoa in Sabah and their control. Kementerian Pertanian dan Perikanan Sabah, Malaysia [State Ministry of Agriculture & Fisheries (Sabah, Malaysia)].

    Snellen, P. C. T. ([1880] 1880-1892) Lepidoptera. In Veth, P. J., (1880-1892). Midden-Sumatra. 4 (8). 92 pp., 5 pl. Leiden.

    RTS (1994): 189, pl. 31, fig.10.

    Thapa, R.S. (1970) Bionomics and control of the laran defoliator, Margaronia hilaralis Wkr. (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Malayan Forester, 23 (1): 47-52.

    Walker, F. (1859d [May 10]) Pyralides, In; List Spec. Lepid. Ins. Coll. B. M., Cat. Lepid. Heterocera. Ser. 4, 18: 509-798.

  • Genitalia

    no content available.

  • DNA Barcode

    no content available.

  • 3D Imaging

    no content available.

  • Spare

    no content available.

(1) Taxonomy, (2) Description, (3) Distribution & Habitat, (4) Life History & Pest Status, (5) Similar spp., (6) Unrelated Look-alikes, (7) References, (8) Genitalia, (9) DNA Barcode, (10) 3D Imaging, (11) Spare